The articles featured on this page offer a
selection of information on the archaeology and history of Western and
- Gundestrup Cauldron
An explanation of the origins of the gundestrup cauldron and its
transportation to Denmark. This article helps elaborate on how the cauldron is
often confused and mistaken as being Celtic, and even more often even Irish, in origin.
- Vikings in Wales
A brief history of the influences of the Vikings on Welsh culture and trade.
The following are a selection of articles which were
written to help explain
some of the various aspects of what has been come to be known as the
culture. It can easily be said that viking is what these people did and
not who they were. However, most people have come to know these people
as Vikings much in the same way that the Western European people have
come to be known as Celts. Both are inadequate terms for referring to
the people with whom they have become associated with over time, but
the terms continue to function in a generic capacity.
Included below are a series of articles and information regarding the
beliefs, practices, and lifestyle of the Viking peoples. Not only did the Vikings
possess superb nautical technology, but they were also master craftsmen and
excelled in the bardic arts, trade, warfare, and many other things. The Vikings
were also men of honor and as such were called into the infamous Black Guard
because of this important factor. Headstrong and noble, the Viking women dominated
and controlled the successfulness of the household. The embroidery of the Viking
women was reknowned and highly priced throughout both Europe and the Near East. The
Vikings also knew the worth of gold and while they sought to trade they always
payed attention to the composition of the coin that they received.
The Vikings were a passionate and noble people. They were composed of cultures
what we now call the Danes, Norse, and Swedish. Their ships allowed them to trade
and thus influence many countries such as Turkey, Russia, Germany, Ireland,
England, Scotland, and Greece.
The articles outlined below help to illustrate some the history and
cultural influences that are evident within some insular traditions.
- A Chieftain's Funeral on the Volga
A description of actual Viking funeral rites. This was written by an Arab, and is
probably what the funeral ritual in the book, "Eaters of the Dead," was based
on. It should be emphasized that the excerpt is a legitimate historical excerpt and
- Viking Cities
An explanation of the relative absence of sizable cities and city life in the
Viking homelands. Also, the importance of trade centers.
- Viking Life and Dress
Information about the Viking societal lifestyle, grooming habits, and
clothing. Includes more excerpts from the recording of Ibn Fadhlan, a Arab emissary
from around 920.
- Viking Ship Construction and Design
An explanation of how the construction and design of Viking ships gave Vikings an
advantage over their Christian neighbors.
- Viking Religion
A brief essay on religion in Viking culture - both Heathen and Christian. This
essay discusses the interactions and societal reasonings for religious standings,
opposition, and later integration. There is also information on the religious
motivations for raiding verses trading.
- Women in Viking Society
An explanation of a woman's role in Viking society. Includes information about
control of the estate, and the possible society status and roles which could be
occupied by a female.